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Indicators

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.

Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.


Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.

Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:

  • The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
  • A sudden increase in appetite might happen. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
  • Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
  • Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
  • Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
  • Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
  • Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
  • Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
  • Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
  • Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
  • Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
  • Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
  • Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
  • Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
  • Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
  • Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.

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Those who are addicted to alcohol and drugs on a technical manner may be exposed to the aforementioned dangers, but the severe urge to consume drugs and the withdrawal symptoms witnessed by an addict may not be present.