Explaining Drug Addiction
That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
It can, however it is hard. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
- quit utilising drugs
- Remaining clean
- be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Principles Behind Effective Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
- Addiction is a complicated, chronic disease that affects the brain and behaviour, but it is treatable.
- No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
- Individuals need fast access to treatment.
- The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
- It is extremely important to remain under treatment for a very long period of time.
- Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
- Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
- Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
- Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
- Therapeutically helped detoxification is just the primary phase of treatment.
- Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
- When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
- Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Is Substance Dependency Treated?
Effective treatment comprises many steps:
- detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
- Therapy or counselling
- Medicine (for opioid, tobacco, or liquor enslavement)
- assessment and treatment for co-happening psychological well-being issues, for example, depression and anxiety
- long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Great results can be realised with the customised medical care plan and support services.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.
How Is Medication Employed In Substance Dependency Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
- increase wholesome life skills
- Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment incorporates a wide assortment of projects for patients who visit a behavioural health counsellor on a fixed schedule. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
- Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
- motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
- Motivational incentives that work by positively reinforcing like rewards to help the patient's urge for drugs reduce
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Residential treatment setting samples:
- In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
- Shorter-term inpatient treatment that usually concentrates on detoxification and offering initial in-depth counselling and preparation for treatment in community-based environments.
- Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.